Location: GUIs >
Windows 7 (NT 6.1)|
Like Vista, the program menu appears within the start menu itself.
The Windows Explorer hasn't change much from Vista, but I want to point
something out: Microsoft seems to have an allergy to Menus these days.
As with Vista they have hidden the File menu (it can be shown by pressing
alt-F), but to make up for the lack of a way to provide options to the
users they added the "Windows Explorer contextual strip" which essentially
reinvents drop down menus... poorly. Depending on what is selected, a completely
different set of options may appear.
Searching has completely changed in Windows 7!
"Search" is no longer in the Start Menu or any right-click context menus.
Instead, to search you must use the search box in the upper right of a
Windows Explorer window.
Also, because the dedicated "Search" window has been eliminated, many
of the advanced options are now gone.
I don't know about anyone else, but I always ignore these kind of search
boxes because in web browsers they may take you to advertising or unknown
search engines. On the web if I want to search I click on my handy-dandy
"Google Advanced Search" personal bookmark toolbar button.
Like XP and Vista, the control panel is still a mess of web pages.
In Windows 7, however, the control panel no longer offers the "classic"
view. Instead this is simulated by selecting an optional webby "icon view".
Over the years Microsoft has conditioned the world to accept that software
generally can no longer be uninstalled.
To reflect this, Windows 7 renames the "Add/Remove" control panel item
to "Program Features".
Interestingly IE can be "removed", but all that does is remove IExplore.exe
(which is little more than a loader stub), removes the icons, and unregisters
the HTTP shell protocol handlers. IE actually remains and can be embedded
by applications (such as the desktop shell).
Windows 7e, a version of Windows 7 that claims to exclude the IE application
product, "removes" IE in the same way but does not offer the option to
re-enable IE. On both Win7 and Win7e dropping the IExplore.exe file in
to the Internet Explorer folder is all it takes to be able to invoke the
IE front end.
Win7e was produced for distribution in Europe due to government concerns
but dropped at the last minute due to companies allegedly complaining that
it was too different, would break things, and would be harder to support.
Being completely unable to admit they made a horrific mistake, Microsoft
has brought the Office 2007 "Ribbon" interface to Paint and Wordpad in
The original idea behind menus, popularized by the Apple Lisa and Macintosh,
was to provide a consistent user interface that arranged the common functions
of almost any application in a more or less standard location, enabling
users to learn new applications quickly and easily.
But, this is Microsoft, so we can't have that now can we? In fact I
rather got the impression that the real purpose behind the Office 2007
"Ribbon" interface was to make money for their training partners, since
everybody had to be retrained.
A "ribbon" is essentially a tabbed toolbar or tool pallet, which is
nothing incredibly new. The main difference with Microsoft's ribbon is
that it completely replaces the traditional menu.
In theory, once a user memorizes a Ribbon they should be able to access
the option they want with fewer clicks. But this advantage seems to outweigh
the various disadvantages that I have observed:
And despite what anyone may claim, there is nothing "intuitive" about ribbons
OR menus, these are both learned and the world should not have to re-learn
them just for the sake of change.
Ribbons can have complicated hierarchies, just like menus.
Ribbons were developed to address the huge number of features in MS-Office
and are not necessarily applicable to simple applications.
Conceivably, ribbons could be useful for applications that do not have
a concept of "files", but ironically Paint, Wordpad and most of Office
2007 are file-based.
Microsoft's ribbons have a "contextual" system, that sometimes confuses
users as they perceive things as moving around and always changing.
Too much information in too little space.
A quick visual scan of the ribbon items is not as easy as with a menu.
(button text labels are not always lined up)
Group labels are below the icons making reading flow bottom to top, the
opposite of normal english.
Icons are used instead of text for some things.
Waiting for tooltips to appear on indecipherable icons is very slow.
More difficult or impossible to talk people through over the phone due
to the lack of text labels.
Menus are more compact and generally work better on small screens.
The vast majority of people had been using traditional menus for around
20 years, ribbons are completely different and must be re-learned from
Users must now use both applications with ribbons and traditional menus
so both ways of doing things must now be learned and remembered.
Given that Microsoft is willing to make this kind of change, perhaps
down the road they will "simplify" the Windows experience further by doing
away with all the different localized language Windows versions replacing
them with a single, standard, engineered language such as Esperanto
(although more likely a bastardized Microsoft extended version of it).
A couple of other interesting problems with the "Ribbon":
Resizing the window rearranges the hierarchy of items on the ribbon.
Functions like saving, undoing, and printing operations are not on the
ribbon. When I briefly had to deal with Office 2007 I, nor anyone else
could find these functions so I had to help people learn the keyboard commands
or add their own custom Office toolbars with buttons for these on them.
Windows 7 patches around these issues by adding a "Quick Access Toolbar"
that sits on the title bar, as well as a new button next to the ribbon
The Quick Access toolbar display icons (not text) for functions such
as New, Open, Save, Print, Undo and Redo. It can also be shown below the
ribbon like a normal toolbar. BTW, that square blue and white picture they
use for the Save function is called a "floppy disk". People used to store
data on devices like those back in the 1980s and 1990s.
Also unlike Office 2007, file options can now be accessed through the
tab-like button with the picture of the little square white menu-like thingy
(oh, that is sooooo much easier to describe than "the File menu")
"You can have the ribbon in any color you want as long as it is blue."
As shown above the ribbon interface fails to conform to any normal or
user created color scheme. The exception being when a "high contrast" color
scheme is selected.
So, now we have three distinctly different application user interfaces
in Windows 7. The classic application with a drop-down menu, ribbonized
applications, and webby applications.