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Suntools / SunView - SunOS 3.5|
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Suntools / SunView - SunOS 3.5
In the early 1980s Sun Microsystems begin producing high-end Unix based
workstations that competed with the Xerox Star, Perq, Apollo, and Apple
It is important to note that Sun workstations were not targeted for
sale to the average individual, but rather to large businesses to run high
powered programs and to compliment Sun server hardware.
Suntools, later renamed to SunView, was the original graphical user
interface used on Sun workstations. Suntools/SunView was later replaced
with OpenWindows, which was replaced with CDE, which was replaced with
the GNOME based "Java" desktop...
SunOS, later renamed to Solaris, is the operating system the early workstations
Thanks to the "The
Machine Emulator" (TME) I was able to get some screen shots of these
early Sun GUIs.
This version of Suntools/SunView is from SunOS 3.5, although I kind
of cheated. I could not get SunOS 3.5 to run under TME. When trying to
boot the 3.5 mini-root for installation it would fail to recognize the
hard disk giving the error si0: si_arb_sel: never won arbitration. So instead
I took SunOS 4.1.1 and dropped the SunOS 3.5 SunView files on to the install
tapes. (Yes, on a real Sun SunOS 3.5 and 4.1.1 were loaded from TAPE).
Surprisingly it mostly works.
This is the default Suntools/SunView desktop. By default it always
starts the clock, a terminal, an editor, and the mail program. The console
window displays text messages generated by other programs that only appear
on the text console. The menu to start other programs is accessed by right-clicking
on the desktop. As far as I can tell, no graphical file manager is included
with this version.
I'm not really sure which name to call it for this version. In the right-click
menu it refers to itself as "Suntools" but the tape index calls it "SunView".
This version of Suntools/SunView was released in 1987. It is not really
clear when Suntools was originally created. Reportedly even the original
1982 Sun-1 had optional graphics ability, but Suntools was almost certainly
introduced much later (1985?).
It is also not entirely clear if this version is supposed to be able
to display in color or not. TME 0.6's color graphics emulation does not
appear to work properly in Sun-3 emulation mode.
Suntools/SunView comes with an e-mail program that makes use of the
built in Unix mail system. It also includes an icon editor.
Right-clicking on the title bar brings up a menu for manipulating the
window. In this environment, "Close" is the term used for reducing a window
to an icon - this does not terminate the application. The "Quit" option
is used to terminate an application. "Expose" and "Hide" move windows to
the front or back respectively.
"Move" and "Resize" bring up a dialog like this that begins the process
of moving or resizing the window.
Dialogs here do not have visual buttons to press. Instead they respond
to pressing different buttons on the Sun three-button mouse.
Ya think you have enough command line terminal programs? Cmdtool has
a scrollable text area, and Gfxtool is apparently used to run older non
native graphical application (applications that talk directly to the video)
Windows can also be moved by clicking in the corners with the middle
mouse button and dragging. Interestingly clicking in the middle of the
edge of a window will only let you move up/down or left/right. Windows
can be dragged to the edges of the screen, but can not be positioned so
that any part of the window is off of the screen.
Normally, this environment would be used with a three button mouse.
The left mouse button usually activates or selects, the middle is usually
used for text selection, and the right mouse button usually brings up menus.
Using this environment I am constantly finding myself fiddling with
the mouse buttons trying to figure out which button needs to be pressed
This is the "Defaults" screen. It is essentially a control panel and
can change a few behaviors of the environment.
For example, when programs are "closed" (reduced to an icon), they normally
appear in the upper left, covering the default position of the console
window. From here icons can be made to appear in other corners.
This screen shot also show several performance monitors running.
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