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Microsoft Mouse - 1983|
May 2, 1983 - Microsoft introduces the Microsoft Mouse for IBM PCs and
compatibles. Of course, they were hardly the first mouse on the market,
and there was not much to point at on a PC back then.
After doing some research, I stumbled across an early version of the
Microsoft Mouse driver and utilities dated 12/31/83. Not the first release,
but very close to it.
The mouse driver itself only works with the original Microsoft bus mice
with an InPort ISA interface card (serial and PS/2 didn't come until later),
but the included utilities work with any later Microsoft compatible mouse
driver. As far as I can tell, no emulators emulate the InPort interface.
For your downloading pleasure: Microsoft Mouse driver
Probably the most interesting program included is PIANO.EXE. This is
the same piano program shown off as a "full screen dos application" in
the December 83 Byte magazine Windows demo.
(I thought full screen was new in Windows 8 Metro - oh, wait, PIANO
has a visible way to exit so that would disqualify it!)
It also includes BASIC source code!
This is "DOODLE.EXE", a simple CGA drawing program.
Notice the menu at the bottom of the screen. This was standard for Microsoft
products (and others) of the time.
"LIFE.EXE" is a graphical version of the classic "life" program where
binary organisms grow or die based on their proximity to others.
Again, notice that the menu is at the bottom of the screen.
Another very interesting program is "NOTEPAD.COM". Yes, it's Notepad
On a CGA compatible display it runs in graphical mode. On a mono text
or mono graphics adapter it will run in text mode.
Notepad is a simple ASCII text editor. You can use the mouse to select,
copy, and paste text, and select items from the menu. It also has built
The terminology is much different from what we are used to today. It
took me a while to figure out what "Alpha" is for. If you are only using
the keyboard, you select this option to exit menu selection mode and return
to typing mode. With the mouse this option is not really needed. File loading
and saving is located under the "Transfer" menu option, and clicking both
mouse buttons at the same time acts as a "cancel" command.
When you select a menu item that leads to more menu options, the main
menu line disappears and is replaced with the items from the sub menu.
Microsoft did not use pop-up menus yet.
While I still haven't found a copy of Microsoft Word for DOS 1.0, here
is a photo that shows the similarities to Notepad.
Notepad, however, can not create formatted text, only plain text.
Microsoft's selling points for Word for DOS included that it could use
the mouse and was "what you see is what you get".
Finally, the set of mouse drivers includes "MENU.COM" and "MAKEMENU.EXE".
These are used to add mouse movement and menus to existing programs that
are not designed to use the mouse.
This screen shot shows the MENU.COM terminate-and-stay-resident program
adding a clickable menu to the 1981 version of VisiCalc.
The menu.com file includes the text string "Written by Chris Peters
Year of the Mouse!"
In conclusion, these screen shots provide some insight as to what Microsoft's
Graphical User Interfaces looked like in 1983 prior to the influence of
the Lisa, Star, and Macintosh.